"The material is superior to all other thermal pastes, including those involving exotic materials such as carbon nanotubes and diamond," says creator Deborah Chung, a materials engineer at the University of Buffalo. "It even significantly surpasses solder, the best material currently available for improving the thermal contact between two surfaces," she adds. The thermal paste is inexpensive to make and can also be used on heat pipes for drawing out geothermal energy and in thermal fluid heaters for reclaiming heat indirectly produced by the heaters.